Dr. Xiangming Xiao

EPSCoR Research Focus: 
Terrestrial Water & Carbon Dynamics
George Lynn Cross Research Professorship | Professor, Dept. of Microbiology & Plant Biology | Director, Earth Observation & Modeling Facility | Assoc. Director, Center for Spatial Analysis
University of Oklahoma
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B.S. | Biology | Xiamen University, Fujian Province, China | 1982
M.S. | Plant Ecology | University of Science and Technology, Beijing, China | 1987
Ph.D. | Ecosystem Science | Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO | 1994
Research Interests: 

Dr. Xiangming Xiao, professor of microbiology and plant biology at the University of Oklahoma, is a member of the OK NSF EPSCoR Track-1 RII Award titled Socially Sustainable Solutions for Water, Carbon, and Infrastructure Resilience in Oklahoma. The $20 million EPSCoR research project is a social science-led, multi-disciplinary collaboration among social, physical, biological, engineering, and computational scientists. More than thirty researchers from across the state are working together on the project, which began July 1, 2020.

Dr. Xiao also serves as director of the Earth Observation and Modeling Facility and associate director of the Center for Spatial Analysis at the University of Oklahoma; he holds the George Lynn Cross Research Professorship at OU, where his research interests are in the areas of applications of remote sensing and GIS in ecosystems science and natural resources; land use and cover changes; ecosystem service assessment; biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems; ecosystem modeling at large spatial scales; integrated impact assessment of climate change; ecology and epidemiology of infectious diseases.  

Dr. Xiao's research on the OK NSF EPSCoR project addresses Focus Area 2: Terrestrial Water & Carbon Dynamics (TWCD). Through his research, Dr. Xiao advances the team's goal of, "collecting and calibrating data to inform management decisions that will alter ecosystem productivity and carbon storage as well as water yield for agricultural, municipal, industrial, and ecological purposes." The TWCD focus area is central to the wicked problems facing Oklahoma because of conflicting policy narratives that shape concerns about carbon management and risks associated with landscape management practices (e.g., wildfire risks). At the same time, linkages across the TWCD and other focus areas provide opportunities to engage key stakeholder groups in discussions addressing both problem definition and potentially sustainable solution sets. Land use/carbon cycle issues play this crucial role because of the interactions among terrestrial ecosystems and carbon and water cycling, which are in turn integral components of the other impact domains addressed in this research project.

Learn more about the OK NSF EPSCoR research project.

Key Publications: 
  • Zou, Z., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Qin, Y., Doughty, R.B., Menarguez, M.A., Zhang, G., and Wang, J. 2018 Divergent Trends of Open Surface Water Body Areas in the Contiguous United States form 1984-2016. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1719275115.
  • Tong, X., Brandt, M., Yue, Y., Horion, S., Wang, K., Keersmaecker, W.D., Tian, F., Schurgers, G., Xiao, X., Luo, Y., Chen, C., Myneni, R., Shi, Z., Chen, H., and Fensholt, R. 2018. Increased Vegetation Growth and Carbon Stock in China Karst via Ecological Engineering. Nature Sustainability. 1:44-50.
  • Wang, J., Xiao, X., Zhang, Y., Qin, Y., Doughty, R.B., Wu, X., Bajgain, R., Du, L. 2018. Enhanced Gross Primary Production and Evapotranspiration in Juniper Encroached Grasslands. Global Change Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14441.
  • Ma, J., Xiao, X., Zhang, Y., Doughty, R., Chen, B., and Zhao, B. 2018. Spatial-temporal Consistency Between Gross Primary Productivity and Solar-induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence of Vegetation in China during 2007-2014. Science of the Total Environment. 639:1241-1253.
  • Zhang, Y., Xiao, X., Wu, X., Zhou, S., Zhang, G., Qin, Y., and Dong, J. 2017. Data descriptor: A Global Moderate Resolution Dataset of Gross Primary Production of Vegetation for 2000-2016. Scientific Data. 4:170165. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.165.
  • Brandt, M., Yue, Y., Wigneron, J.P., Tong, X., Tian, F., Jepsen, M.R., Xiao, X., Verger, A., Mialon, A., Al-Yaari, A., Wang, K., and Fensholt, R. 2018. Satellite-observed Major Greening and Biomass Increase in Southern China Karst during Recent Decade, Earth’s Future,6. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018EF000890.  
  • Xin, F., Xiao, X., Zhao, B., Miyata, A., Baldocchi, D., Knox, S., Kang, M., Sim, K.M., Min, S., Chen, B., Li, X., Wang, J., Dong, J., Biradar, C. 2017. Modeling Gross Primary Production of Paddy Rice Cropland through Analysis of Data from CO2 Eddy Flux Tower Sites and MODIS Images. Remote Sensing of Environment. 190: 42-55.
  • Qin, Y., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Zhou, Y., Wang, J., Doughty, R.H., Chen, Y., Zou, Z., and Moore, B. 2017. Annual Dynamics of Forest Areas in South America during 2007-2010 at 50-m Spatial Resolution. Remote Sensing of Environment. 201:73-87.
  • Dong, J., Xiao, X., Zhang, G., Menarguez, M.A., Choi, C.Y., Qin, Y., Luo, P., Zhang, Y., and Moore, B. 2016. Northward Expansion of Paddy Rice in Northeastern Asia during 2000-2014. Geophysical Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068191.
  • Qin, Y., Xiao, X., Dong, J., Zhang, G., Roy, P.S., Joshi, P.K., Gilani, H., Murthy, M.S.R., Jin, C., Wang, J., Zhang, Y., Chen, B., Menarguez, M.A., Biradar, C.M., Bajgain, R., Li, X., Dai, S., Hou, Y., Xin, F., Moore, B. 2016. Mapping Forests in Monsoon Asia with ALOS PALSAR 50-m Mosaic Images and MODIS Imagery in 2010. Scientific Reports. 6:20880.
Curriculum Vitae: