Dr. Prem Bikkina

EPSCoR Research Focus: 
Variable & Marginal Quality Water Supplies
Assoc. Professor
School of Chemical Engineering
Oklahoma State University
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B.S. | Chemical Engineering | National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India | 2003
M.S. | Chemical Engineering | Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, India | 2006
Ph.D. | Petroleum Engineering | The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK | 2013
Research Interests: 

Dr. Prem Bikkina, associate professor of chemical engineering at Oklahoma State University, is a member of the OK NSF EPSCoR Track-1 RII Award titled Socially Sustainable Solutions for Water, Carbon, and Infrastructure Resilience in Oklahoma. The $20 million research project is a social science-led, multi-disciplinary collaboration among social, physical, biological, engineering, and computational scientists. More than thirty researchers from across the state are working together on the project, which began July 1, 2020.

Dr. Bikkina's research supports the project's Focus Area 3: Variable and Marginal Quality Water Supplies (V-MQW). The V-MQW Supplies focus area addresses issues surrounding Oklahoma’s water demands, which are projected to increase 600,000 acre-feet per year between 2007-2060. Reliable water supplies are needed to provide for these demands while meeting the state’s goal of capping freshwater use to 2010 levels. However, freshwater supplies are declining due to reservoir sedimentation and groundwater overdraft and are increasingly vulnerable to S2S variability. Concurrently, volumes of oil and gas ‘produced water,’ municipal wastewater, and stormwater are increasing with continued oil and gas development and urbanization. Disposal of produced waters has been correlated with seismicity, potentially impacting infrastructure and resulting in energy production curtailment in some regions. The challenge is finding a mix of solutions that allow Oklahoma’s diverse array of MQW to be economically treated for beneficial use to address water scarcity related to changing seasonal to subseasonal weather patterns, waste disposal, and infrastructure risk while supporting continued energy production and economic growth. 

Dr. Bikkina's Major Areas of Research

  • Interfacial phenomena relevant to geological sequestration and enhanced oil recovery (EOR)
  • Microfluidics based EOR using ASP, WAG, COand COfoams
  • Wettability-based dissolved gas separation and nucleate boiling
  • Geo-material microfluidics

The OK NSF EPSCoR Track-1 Project

To support this research, Dr. Bikkina and his team will develop and test high salinity carbonated produced water flooding technology that can serve the purposes of enhanced oil recovery (EOR), carbon sequestration, and produced water disposal. This unique approach is intended to address three critical needs of the world: supply of sustainable and effective EOR fluids; provide safe and economic disposal of produced water; and provide safe and economic sequestration of CO2. Towards this objective, a fundamental experimental investigation will be performed to: (1) Select the compositions of the high salinity carbonated produced water-based on stability, and bulk and interfacial properties; (2) Experimentally investigate temporal evolution of rock and fluid properties, petrophysics, and rock/fluid interactions from atomic to core scales; and (3) Evaluate the EOR potential of the high salinity carbonated produced water flooding technology from pore to core scale at reservoir conditions.

Learn more about the OK NSF EPSCoR research project.

Key Publications: 
  • Jin Song, Qing Wang, Imran Shaik, Maura Puerto, Prem Bikkina, Clint Aichele, Sibani Lisa Biswal, George Hirasaki (2019), Effect of salinity, Mg2+ and SO42- on "smart water"-induced carbonate wettability alteration in a model oil systemJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, 563: 145-155.
  • Imran K Shaik, Jin Song, Sibani L Biswal, George J Hirasaki, Prem K Bikkina, Clint P Aichele (2019), Effect of Brine Ionic Strength and Type on the Wettability Reversal of Naphthenic-Acid-Adsorbed Calcite Surfaces, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, p.106567.
  • Pradhan, Sushobhan, Imran Shaik, Rudy Lagraauw, and Prem Bikkina (2019), A Semi-Experimental Procedure for the Estimation of Permeability of Microfluidic Pore Network, MethodsX 6: 704-713.
  • Sushobhan Pradhan, Ruaa Jasim Qader, Bhishma Raj Sedai, Prem K. Bikkina (2019), Influence of Wettability on Pressure-Driven Bubble Nucleation: A Potential Method for Dissolved Gas Separation, Separation and Purification Technology 217: 31-39.
  • Prem Bikkina and Imran Shaik (2018), Interfacial Tension and Contact Angle Data Relevant to Carbon Sequestration. Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration (ISBN 978-953-51-6280-3), InTech.
  • Sushobhan Pradhan, Gbeu Kone, Ryan Antle, Clint Aichele, Haifeng Jiang, and Prem Bikkina, Influence of Aspect Ratio and Wettability on Residual Oil Saturations after Waterflooding and Immiscible Gas Flooding: A Microfluidics Based StudyThe 32nd International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts, Trondheim, Norway, 27-30 August 2018.
  • Nicholas J. Drenzek, Prem K. Bikkina, Jarred H. Kelsey, Clint P. Aichele, Jeffrey L. White, Supercritical Methane Diffusivity in Porous and Fractured MediaThe 32nd International Symposium of the Society of Core Analysts, Trondheim, Norway, 27-30 August 2018.
  • Subarna Kole, and Prem K. Bikkina (2017), A Parametric Study on the Application of Microfluidics for Emulsion CharacterizationJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 158:152-159 .
  • Preeti Joshi, Prem K. Bikkina, Qingsheng Wang (2016), Consequence analysis of accidental release of supercritical carbon dioxide from high pressure pipelinesInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 55:166-176.
  • Prem Bikkina, Jiamin Wan, Yongman Kim, Timothy J Kneafsey, Tetsu K Tokunaga (2016), Influence of Wettability and Permeability Heterogeneity on Miscible CO2 Flooding EfficiencyFuel, 166: 219-226.
  • Bikkina, P. K., Uppaluri, R., Purkait, M. K. (2013). Evaluation of Surfactants for the Cost Effective Enhanced Oil Recovery of Assam Crude Oil Fields, Petroleum Science and Technology31(7), 755-762.
  • Prem K. Bikkina (2012), Reply to the comments on “Contact angle measurements of CO2–water–quartz/calcite systems in the perspective of carbon sequestration”International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Volume 7, 263-264.
  • Prem K. Bikkina (2011), Contact angle measurements of CO2–water–quartz/calcite systems in the perspective of carbon sequestrationInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 5(5), 1259-1271.
  • Prem K. Bikkina, R. Uppaluri, O. Shoham (2011), Equilibrated Interfacial Tension Data of CO2-Water System at High Pressures and Moderate TemperaturesJournal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 56 (10), 3725-3733.
Curriculum Vitae: